Faith-OODUAPATHFINDER--Lifting up the standard
Nelson Chamisa: The comeback preacher who wants to be Zimbabwe president.
By Shingai Nyoka
BBC News, Harare
He will now put that charisma to the test in the general election on 23 August when he will once again face President Emmerson Mnangagwa after losing to him in a disputed poll in 2018.
Mr. Chamisa will run for the presidency under the banner of the Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC), the party he formed last year after he was thrown out of what used to be the main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
It came after a vicious power-struggle broke out in the party following the death of its founding leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
Mr. Chamisa was accused by his MDC rivals of staging a coup to wrest control of the party, and as the battle became increasingly vicious, he was evicted from the party's headquarters, and lost a court battle where his claim to the leadership of the party was challenged.
It marked a low point for Mr. Chamisa, but he made a comeback with the formation of the CCC. The string of victories it notched up in parliamentary by-elections was heralded by his supporters as a yellow revolution - a reference to the party colors.
On the campaign trail he has sounded optimistic about his prospects, despite saying that the political field is tilted against the CCC, with little access to state media, and an electoral commission he says is staffed by ruling party supporters.
The 45-year-old's campaign has focused on his relative youth, with supporters chanting the Shona language slogan "ngaapinde hake mukomana" meaning "let the boy in".
But it remains to be seen if he can defeat 80-year-old Mr. Mnangagwa, known as the "crocodile", who has been in politics longer than Mr. Chamisa has been alive.
Still hugely popular among urban and youth voters, Mr. Chamisa is credited with transitioning into his own brand of opposition politics in the last two years and creating an identity divorced from the man he regards as his mentor, Mr. Tsvangirai.
"Creating a formidable opposition in a short period of time has been his greatest victory," says political scientist Alexander Rusero, like the late Mr. Tsvangirai, being the face of the opposition has made him a target. Mr Chamisa says 63 meetings have either been banned by police or disrupted - potentially a preview of the upcoming elections.
Mr. Chamisa suffered a fractured skull when beaten up in a crackdown on the opposition in 2007.
Moreover, members of his party have been arrested and convicted in what Mr. Chamisa describes as fabricated charges aimed at weakening the CCC.
He says he has faced threats to his life, which have made him extremely cautious and mistrustful - including escaping an alleged assassination attempt in 2022 when his convoy came under attack during by-election campaigns. He also suffered a cracked skull during a clampdown on the opposition in 2007.
He has previously told the BBC that he rarely eats at public events, for fear of getting poisoned.
An ordained church pastor who graduated from Living Waters Theological Seminary in 2016 and a practicing lawyer, Mr. Chamisa's social media timeline is filled with political commentary and biblical references in almost equal measure.
His almost Baptist-like charisma has served him well on the campaign stage, but some say it has come at the expense of substantive policy and a coherent political game-plan.
The CCC follows what Mr. Chamisa calls "strategic ambiguity". It has not held an elective congress and has not unveiled its party structures or constitution. It prefers to call itself a broad-based citizens' movement, rather than a political party.
"Our [by-election] wins shows that it is organized and is not a one-man band," according to CCC spokesperson Fadzayi Mahere.
But some of his former supporters, among them social media influencers, are increasingly frustrated.
Mr Rusero believes that Mr. Chamisa appears to be intimidated by the ruling party, opting to confront them on "social media, with bible verses and misplaced optimism", instead of in real life.
He thinks the opposition candidate has missed opportunities to wage a robust campaign in the face of allegations of rampant government corruption and public discontent at the spiraling cost of living. a zero-tolerance approach to graft.
In 2018, in his characteristic way, Mr. Chamisa told the BBC that he was a young man trying to bring about alternative politics on the African continent and that he wanted to replace strong men with strong institutions.
It was a reference to the personality cult that had developed around former President Robert Mugabe, a common phenomenon in Zimbabwean politics.
He too has not been a stranger to controversy. During the last presidential campaign, he boasted he had met Rwandan President Paul Kagame and been central in crafting a digital strategy that had been key to Rwanda's economic success.
He has also been labelled as sexist after telling voters he would marry off his then-18-year-old sister to President Mnangagwa if his rival only won 5% of the vote in the 2018 election.
He later said it was just "political banter that I used to illustrate that even if I promised to give him my most prized possession, he would still not be able to defeat us in a free and fair election".
In the 23 August poll, Mr. Chamisa is hoping to emulate the victory of long-time Zambian underdog Hakainde Hichilem, who lost every presidential election since 2006, until he finally won in 2021.
But it is unclear whether Mr. Chamisa has enough resources and support to win, especially when the playing field is tilted in favor of Mr. Mnangagwa, whose Zanu-PF party has maintained a tight grip on power since independence in 1980.
However, he remains the hope for millions of Zimbabweans who believe that it is time for younger people to lead the nation.
Progressive National Baptists gain partners to address voting rights, gun violence.
Members of the historically Black Protestant denomination also marked the ninth anniversary of the death of Michael Brown, an unarmed Black teenager, in nearby Ferguson, Missouri.
By Adelle M. Banks
(RNS) — Leaders of the Progressive National Baptist Convention announced plans at their annual session this week in St. Louis to work on enhancing voting rights and criminal justice reform through partnerships with like-minded organizations.
Members of the social justice team of the historically Black Protestant denomination also traveled to nearby Ferguson on Wednesday (Aug. 9), the last day of their meeting, to mark the ninth anniversary of the death of Michael Brown, an unarmed Black teenager whose fatal shooting by a white officer prompted protests that energized the Black Lives Matter movement.
The Rev. David R. Peoples, president of the PNBC, said in an interview Thursday that supporting the Brown family and the Ferguson community is one example of how the denomination is pursuing justice issues.
“We want to make sure that wherever injustice takes place, wherever our people are oppressed and don’t have a fair shake, we’re going to speak out, we’re going to speak truth to power,” he said. “We’re not going anywhere until those things happen and positive change occurs.”
He said a couple of thousand Baptists attended the meeting of the denomination of more than 1,200 churches and more than 1.5 million members.
In his remarks the previous day at a news conference, Peoples said the organization would continue to follow in the footsteps of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., who considered the PNBC his denominational home.
“We won’t stop until what Dr. King said, until justice runs down like water and righteousness like a mighty stream,” he said on Wednesday. “We won’t stop until Florida Governor DeSantis understands that slavery never benefited any African American.”
He continued: “We won’t stop until the real thugs like Donald Trump, who are the real threat to democracy, get justice they deserve.”
PNBC leaders also differentiated members of their denomination from Christian nationalists.
“What a tragedy it is that so much of what it means to be a Christian has been co-opted by white nationalists,” said the Rev. Willie D. Francois III, the co-chair of the PNBC’s social justice arm. “But there’s something about the rebellious imagination of folk like us, the Progressive National Baptist Convention, that says we have political priorities that aren’t limited to policing who people sleep with and policing what women do with their bodies. The Progressive National Baptist Convention is actually pro-life because we care about bodies before they are born all the way through the tomb.”
Answering the question “Why is the white Christian church aligning with Trump?” the Rev. Frederick D. Haynes III, the new Rainbow PUSH Coalition president, responded: “They’re more white than Christian.”
During the meeting, PNBC delegates also adopted a resolution saying the denomination “strongly denounces any … who refuse to support the results of the 2020 presidential election” and anyone who supports the Jan. 6 attack on the Capitol.
The Rev. Darryl Gray, the PNBC’s director general of social justice, said the denomination will be working with Amnesty International USA to provide training and other resources on gun violence intervention to the denomination’s churches.
The Baptists gathered for the meeting approved a resolution that said the two groups will “work to reduce gun violence in communities across the country while advocating for the passage of federal legislation titled the Break the Cycle of Violence Act, which will provide federal funding for community organizations conducting gun violence prevention work.”
Francois said the broader gun violence concerns of the denomination include greater accountability by police departments.
“We went today to Ferguson to stand in solidarity with this family to practice the presence of God to practice the ministry of presence because we are tired of blue privilege, blue terror and blue violence,” he said. “It is not enough for us to talk about gun violence in our communities without also talking about gun violence that we’ve normalized, and that’s police gun violence.”
Francois added that gun violence in general should be viewed as an American issue, not a Black issue, and one that needs to be solved with improved access to jobs and better schools rather than larger police forces.
The denomination also plans to partner with the Faith Leaders of Color Coalition, which is seeking state and federal action to end the death penalty. PNBC members passed a resolution with the same aim.
“I stand here arm-in-arm with the Brown family, clergy and people of faith who are intentional about being participatory in our policy efforts,” said Joia Erin Thornton, national director of the coalition. “We want to bring forth results that promote equity and opportunity for those who are historically disenfranchised in their communities and who are over-policed and often selectively policed.”
Voting rights, a longtime agenda item of the denomination, continued to be addressed, including with a resolution calling for passage of a 28th amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would make voting “a permanent right for adult US citizens and residents.”
In the interview, Peoples condemned “strange tactics that are used to make sure that people are denied or deterred from voting,” including people of color.
“We need to find a way to make sure that voting is easier and not harder,” he said.
At the news conference, several PNBC leaders agreed on the need to further address voting rights.
“We’ve come here 58 years after the voting rights bill was passed to say we’re going to revive it,” said Haynes, a clergyman affiliated with the PNBC.
Peoples cited the continuing partnership with the AFL-CIO on voter mobilization.
“We won’t stop until the AFL-CIO and PNBC continue to push back voting suppression, till everybody gets a chance to vote,” he said at the news conference. “Even those who have paid their time, they have a right to vote. We won’t stop until everyone can realize the dream to vote, understand all of us are God’s children.”
Francois added that the voter registration work with the AFL-CIO will be organized around their organizations’ policy priorities.
“We are tired of politicians asking us and benefiting and pimping our robes and pimping our collars, for their agenda,” he said. “If they want our votes they need to sign on to our agenda.”
At last year’s annual session, the denomination joined forces in a renewed partnership with the prominent union, decades after the two groups worked together to lobby for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which outlawed discriminatory practices in hiring and voting, respectively.
The denomination also reiterated criticism it first expressed in June when the Supreme Court struck down affirmative action in admissions by American universities. It said the ruling will be a motivator in get-out-the-vote efforts for the 2024 election.
“We believe this is not the final word on race-specific affirmative action, and our advocacy will mirror that conviction,” it said in a resolution. “PNBC will continue to partner with the nation’s HBCUs and Black churches to ensure the growth of the Black middle class.”